Composting is a eco-friendly solution for organic waste management to mitigate the effects of climate change

Soil is a living miracle. In one handful of soil there are more organisms than there are humans on earth and we are only beginning to understand the vast network of organisms right beneath our feet. We rely on healthy soil for 95% of what we eat, yet we take it granted. Thousand of years of ploughing, deforestation and erosion reduced the carbon content in soil.

When soil is damaged it releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and this leads to serious consequences with the climate like, too much carbon in the atmosphere causes the earth to overheat and excess carbon also causes acidifying oceans threatening marine life. In fact many of the world’s cultivated soil have lost more than 50% of original soil carbon.

We now know how to put back the carbon into soil where it belongs. Plants capture carbon dioxide in their leaf and pump the carbon down to the roots to feed hungry micro organisms living in the soil, now what have been atmospheric carbon, a “Problem“, becomes soil carbon, a “Solution“.

Crucial Role of Soil Carbon Enrichment

  • Carbon rich soils act like giant sponges, absorbs water during floods
  • Provides it to plants in times of drought
  • Adding carbon to soil makes the land much more productive
  • Embrace the change with organic waste composting
  • A key player in cultivating healthy soil and securing our future well being

Composting A solution to fight climate change

 

How Composting is a solution to fight climate change?

Carbon Sequestration: Composting converts Organic waste into carbon rich material which when applied to soil increases the beneficial microbial population in the soil. These beneficial micro-organisms help in sequestration of carbon-di-oxide from the atmosphere and store in the soil in the form of complex carbon compounds.

Soil Health: Compost enriches soil with organic matter, improving its structure, fertility, and moisture retention capacity. Healthy soils act as carbon sinks, absorbing and storing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Conservation of Landfill Space: Composting reduces the amount of organic waste sent to landfills, helping to conserve limited landfill space and extending their lifespan. This reduces the need for new landfill sites, which often contribute to deforestation and habitat destruction.

Energy Savings: Composting requires less energy compared to traditional waste disposal methods, such as incineration or landfilling, which involve transportation and processing. By reducing energy consumption, composting helps to lower greenhouse gas emissions associated with energy production.

Reduced Methane Emissions: By diverting organic waste from landfills, composting prevents the decomposition of organic matter in anaerobic conditions, thereby reducing methane emissions. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas with a much higher warming potential than carbon dioxide.

Overall, composting plays a crucial role in climate change mitigation efforts by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, sequestering carbon in the soil, and promoting sustainable waste management practices. If every country participates in the initiative to increase soil carbon by 0.4% annually, we could potentially store 75% of global annual greenhouse gas emissions. Enough to make a real difference to our planets future well being.

Store 75 percent of global green house gas emission by improving soil health by composting